Normal Vitals
Heart Rate- Your equine partners resting heart rate should be between 18 and 36 beats per minute. (You can check this with a stethoscope behind the left elbow, or with your first two fingers just inside the jaw bone, or on the back of the fetlock).
Temperature- Normal body temperature should be between 99˚F and 101.5F˚ And you can’t take their temperature under the tongue!
Respiration-Normal respirations range from 12 breaths per minute up to 24 breaths per minute.

Routine Health Care Recommendations
Vaccination Schedule:
The American Association of Equine Practitioners has a core recommendation of vaccines that includes:
- Rabies Vaccine- Every Year
- EWT (Eastern encephalitis, Western encephalitis, and Tetanus)- Every Year
- West Nile Virus- Every Year
Additionally, the risk based vaccines for our areas include Influenza and Rhinopnuemonitis and Strangles.
- Pregnant mares need Pneumabort-K vaccines at 5, 7, and 9 months of gestation, and then a full set of booster vaccines before they foal.
- Foals should be vaccinated between 3 and 6 months of age, and given booster shots 4 to 6 weeks later.
- Contact Equine Partners Veterinary Service to develop a vaccination protocol specific to your needs.

Basic First Aid
Wound Care:
If the wound is fresh and clean, apply a clean bandage with a non-adherent pad and NO MEDICATIONS. Then get your horse seen by a vet as soon as possible to evaluate for sutures.
If the wound is fresh but dirty, gently wash the wound with a light shower of water. You can gently scrub debris away, but be careful not to push dirt deeper into the tissue by scrubbing too vigorously.
If the wound is still bleeding, apply a snug, heavy bandage to the area if possible. If you can’t bandage the area, apply firm pressure with a towel until the bleeding stops or the vet arrives!
If the wound is greater than 18 hours old and dirty, clean it as best as you can, apply a clean bandage, and have a Vet check it at the next available appointment.
Medications to have on Hand:
Bute and Banamine for emergencies
A triple antibiotic ointment
Bandage material (non-stick pad, roll cotton, vet wrap, elastikon)
Iodine/Betadine/Chlorhexidine soap for cleaning wounds
A poultice of some kind for swellings lumps bumps and bruises
And of course duck tape!

Colic Symptoms
If your horse acts disinterested in their grain, starts pawing at the ground for no reason, looking back at their flank, lying down and looking at their belly, rolling and refusing to get up or lying on their back with all four legs in the air, these could all be symptoms of colic. Call your Veterinarian immediately! 979.324.5822

When might an emergency call be warranted?
Colics always warrant a call to the emergency vet.
Lacerations that won’t stop bleeding, or have a pulsating stream of blood need to be bandaged tightly and then call your vet. Lacerations that are more than 12 to 18 hours old won’t be able to be sutured in most cases, so it’s important to have them seen before they’re 18 hours old.
A choking horse warrants a call to the emergency vet- if your horse is extending her neck and has saliva or feed material coming out of the nose, this could be a choke. In horses, choking is an esophageal obstruction, so your horse can still breathe, but can’t swallow any feed, and in extreme cases can’t swallow water because of the obstruction.
Lameness usually is not an emergency- most of the time a sudden onset, non-weight bearing lameness is a foot abscess that can be dealt with the next day. If you’re unsure, call to discuss.

Regular Hours Monday-Friday 8am-5pm Equine Partners Veterinary Services, PLLC
Emergency Services provided for existing clients Schedule an Appointment - 979.324.5822 Partners@equinepartnersvet.com Providing excellence in Equine Health Care and customer service. Servicing Brazos, Fort Bend, Grimes, Montgomery, Washington,
Waller and Harris Counties.